Cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) for children focuses on teaching children and/or their parents specific skills and awareness of the ways in which thought can influence emotions and behavior. CBT focuses on the ways that a child’s thoughts, emotions, and behaviors are interconnected, and how they each affect one another. Because emotions, thoughts, and behaviors are all linked, CBT approaches allow for interventions in any of the aforementioned areas.
Sessions may involve children alone, parents and children together or a combination of any members from the family system to work together to define goals and develop specific coping mechanisms, skills or strategies to reach those goals. Therapy with children requires the practice and application of these skills to foster generalization.